Kuwait electrical energy assignment

Running head: KUWAIT’S ELECTRICAL ENERGY 1

KUWAIT’S ELECTRICAL ENERGY 7

KUWAIT’S ELECTRICAL ENERGY

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliations

Kuwait electrical energy

Introduction

Kuwait has for a longer period appeared on the world map for oil and energy production. With the country’s small population, it has been able to draw huge development revenues from the same. However, the world’s changing perception and environmental concerns have begun affecting the major economic source (Alhajeri, Dannoun, Alrashed & Aly, 2019). Kuwait currently has plans to develop the largest renewable energy which would serve as a major source of power and income for the country. This paper will provide a description of the Kuwait’s electrical energy production capacity, station types, ratings in regards to transmissions and distribution networks. The paper will further describe the annual load distribution and rates of outage in electrical energy.

Overall generation capacity

Kuwait has a capacity of 14.7% in total. This is based on the data collected by the World Bank in the year 2012. This represents 65140 (Trading economics, 2019). This was an improvement for the country to meet the high electricity consumption demand in the country. The high demand in the country has been fueled by the excessive subsidization of electricity which makes it the cheapest means of energy for use both commercially and domestic. According to Meed, (2019) Kuwait plans to increase its overall generation to 17GW producing 450 M of gallons in a single day. This will be able to meet the currently high demand of electricity in the country.

Generation station types and capacity

Thermal powered generation stations: in this type of stations power is generated by use of chemical reactions. The capacity of production in Kuwait’s thermal generation stands at 2400 MW which was an improvement by the launching of the Doha-West power station

Fossil fuel generating power stations: this is energy produced from the burning of fossil fuels to generate electricity. The country’s capacity from fossil stations is 18.89 million KW. Kuwait majorly depends on fossil fuel in its energy production. However, the country is transforming towards renewable energy with a higher estimate in terms of capacity.

Renewable sources stations: Kuwait is turning towards the production of renewable energy. The total capacity for Kuwait is 0.002 GW. Despite the increasing capacity in the energy produced through renewable means, Kuwait is yet to shift towards the use of renewable energy. Statistics indicate that 0% of people living in Kuwait use renewable energy (Kuwait Total Installed Generation Capacity Gw. 2019).

Types of ratings of transmission networks

Main nodes besides major lines

Kuwait uses major nodes besides major lines in transmitting electricity. The nodes types represent the names while node types represent the city, a town or a country. The transmission lines are in terms of kV while types of lines are in terms of single, double among others. Nodes are used to connect the country’s electric grid to another neighboring country’s electrical grid (Kuwait – Electricity Transmission Network | Data Catalog, 2019). The nodes in diagrams or in writing are symbolized by points while the lines are symbolized by lines. The rating of the transmission network is 125 MVA.

Type and rating of distribution networks

Research shows that the country is largely dependent on A/C type of current. Kuwait for a long time has been using overhead connection in distributing electricity from one town and place to the other (Services, et al. 2019). Power stations used long circuit transmission lines in networking electricity to most parts. However, the demand for more power connection is bringing shifts in the electricity stations which have been attributed to the many changes in the sector. Services, et al. (2019) asserts that the negative perception and high demand for power has shifted the electricity transmission from the overhead, long-circuit transmissions to short-circuit connections. The transmission network is also transformed with the introduction of gas-insulated transmission networking. Here electricity in transmitted through gas-insulated lines from one place to the other. This type of transmission network has proved to be highly reliable and safer.

The rating of distribution networks in Kuwait is in kV. Power is transmitted both in high voltage and low voltage from the source to the transformer where it is further distributed to the consumers. All this power is estimated in kV.

Load distribution (yearly basis)

Kuwait has a large demand for electricity. The consumption has been growing and continuous to grow. The estimated load in a year as per the 2016 data is 18.89 Million kW (Middle East: Kuwait — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency, 2019).

Outage rates

60 outages in a single year: research indicates that Kuwait is among the highly dependent power with very minimal power outages (Electricity-Tariffs-Power-Outages-and-Firm-Performance.pdf. 2019).

Conclusion

Kuwait is one of the largest world producers of energy. Through its large deposits of natural gas and fuels, the country produces energy at lower costs thus making the use of electricity much lower. Using main node and major lines, the country has been able to transmit its power efficiently through short-circuits to its consumers. Kuwait has one of the lowest power outage rates in the world. Through its transformation and embracing of the renewable energy, the power production will go high and wastage cost experienced through the current sources of power can be eliminated.

References

Alhajeri, N. S., Dannoun, M., Alrashed, A., & Aly, A. Z. (2019). Environmental and economic impacts of increased utilization of natural gas in the electric power generation sector: Evaluating the benefits and trade-offs of fuel switching. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering71, 102969. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1875510019302215

Electricity-Tariffs-Power-Outages-and-Firm-Performance.pdf. (2019). Retrieved 8 November 2019, from http://pubdocs.worldbank.org/en/444681490076354657/Electricity-Tariffs- Power-Outages-and-Firm-Performance.pdf

Kuwait – Electricity Transmission Network | Data Catalog. (2019). Retrieved 8 November 2019, from https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/kuwait-electricity-transmission-network- 2017

Kuwait Total Installed Generation Capacity Gw. (2019). Retrieved 8 November 2019, from https://tradingeconomics.com/kuwait/total-installed-generation-capacity-gw-wb- data.html

Meed. (2019, April 18). Kuwait moves on power projects. Retrieved November 8, 2019, from https://www.power-technology.com/comment/kuwait-power-projects/.

Middle East :: Kuwait — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency. (2019). Retrieved 8 November 2019, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/print_ku.html

Services, P., Solutions, M., technology, B., Technology, D., Automation, I., & Products, C. et al. (2019). Gas-insulated transmission lines | Power transmission lines | Siemens. Retrieved 8 November 2019, from https://new.siemens.com/global/en/products/energy/high-voltage/power- transmission-lines/gas-insulated-lines.html

Trading economics . (2019, November). Kuwait – Total installed generation capacity (GW). Retrieved November 8, 2019, from https://tradingeconomics.com/kuwait/total-installed- generation-capacity-gw-wb-data.html.

Kuwait electrical energy

 

 

COURSE Project (30%)

2019-2020

Elements of Power System Engineering

EE 432

Semester: FALL 2019

2019-2020

Page 2 of 11

Contents

I. Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3

II. Project Description ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4

III. ABET Learning Outcome ……………………………………………………………………………………… 6

IV. Project Management & Deliverables ……………………………………………………………………… 6

V. Turnitin ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7

VI. APA Style ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7

VII. Academic Honesty and Integrity Assurance …………………………………………………………… 7

VIII. Copyrights ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8

IX. Project and team-based work ………………………………………………………………………………… 9

X. Marking Scheme ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9

XI. Student Assessment Rubric …………………………………………………………………………………. 11

Page 3 of 11

I. Introduction

Projects for engineering students give an edge over the race of recruitment to work hard to ensure a good career. In spite of employment practices in recent times, students are progressively taking up projects to pad up their skill-set. Engineering projects help students to learn and acquire practical knowledge. Despite of theory concept they acquire, various industries also need to know their capacity to complete projects using their specific initiatives. Thus, we recommend students to realize engineering projects in their four years of engineering and try to present as many white papers as possible. Students who give importance to their course projects are expected to learn how to:

 Work in teams including multidisciplinary teams

 Build a major design experience based on the knowledge and skills acquired in the course work

 Build a major design experience incorporates appropriate engineering standards and multiple realistic constraints

 Apply both analysis and synthesis in the engineering design process, resulting in designs that meet the desired needs

In the design process, both creativity and criticism are essential. The followings are the seven steps that students should consider while designing their projects:

 Recognition of the need and identifying opportunities: Every project begins with recognition that needs improvement. These needs may be obvious or hidden to be revealed by investigation, surveys or research.

 Definition of the design problem: It is a major task requires gathering information about the problem.

 Definition of the design criteria and constraints: While the problem is being defined, the design criteria and constraints must be defined a. Design criteria are performance standards to be met by the design b. Design constraints are limitations placed on the designer, the final design or

manufacturing process. Examples of possible constraints include accessibility, aesthetics, codes, constructability, cost, ergonomics, extensibility, functionality, interoperability, legal considerations, maintainability, manufacturability, marketability, policy, regulations, schedule, standards, sustainability, or usability.

c. Risk analysis

 The design loop: design is a repetitive process of: a. Synthesis (Brainstorming – Generating new ideas) b. Analysis (Breaking ideas – find expected results)

Page 4 of 11

c. Decision-making (Deciding the best alternative)

 Optimization: Design team must ask themselves if it is the optimum design. Optimum is the best design that can be achieved at reasonable cost. The proposed design is judged against the design criteria

 Evaluation: Design team should hold a design review to approve drawings and specifications before they are released. If an optimum design cannot be achieved, the design team might revise the problem definition, the design criteria or the constraints in order to achieve the optimal solution or prototype.

II. Project Description

Kuwait is one of the world’s top ten oil producers and holds the sixth largest proven oil reserves in the world. With its relatively small population, Kuwait has a very prosperous economy, but it is heavily dependent on oil-export revenues. The oil sector accounts for about 90% of export revenues, and net oil-export revenues are approximately 40% of GDP. Kuwait, like all oil-producing countries, is facing a changing energy world today. Shifting supply, demand and technology trends have ushered in an energy world where oil-price volatility and market uncertainty are the defining features.

To ensure economic development and social prosperity in the years to come, Kuwait will require a new energy strategy, combined with a plan to foster economic diversification and reduce fossil fuel dependency. Today, Kuwait relies almost exclusively on oil products and natural gas to meet its energy needs, with each fuel accounting for about a half of total primary energy consumption. Kuwait had an installed generation capacity of 18.8 gigawatts in 2018. Steam generation accounted for nearly half of total capacity, with combined-cycle steam and gas plants making up another 40%. Capacity expansions were not able to keep up with rapidly increasing demand in the past, and reserve margins fell from over 30% in 2000 to 21% in 2014, causing brownouts and blackouts extending beyond the summer months. Reserve margins are expected to be 8% in 2020. Kuwait plans to substitute natural gas for oil in the power generation sector in order to retain oil- export revenues for savings and investment. Government plans also encompass increasing the share of renewable energy in the power generation mix. Expanding natural gas and renewable energy use domestically are part of the government’s plan to address the impacts from climate change. Renewable energy, however, satisfies less than 1% of energy demand today. Greenhouse-gas emissions are expected to increase from 83 million tons of CO2-equivalent in 2015 to 103.4 Mt of CO2-eq in 2035 – at an annual rate of 1.1% – twice the global average.

Page 5 of 11

Kuwait has recently introduced an ambitious plan for Electrical Energy production relying on renewable Energy sources in 2030. The plan is to have 15% of Kuwait Electrical generation from renewable energy sources as shown in Fig. 1

Fig. 1 GCC renewable targets The target of this project is to:

1. Get familiar with the overall electrical network in Kuwait with full details about

 Overall Generation capacity

 Generation Stations types and capacity

 Types and ratings of the transmission networks

 Types and ratings of the distribution networks

 Load distribution (yearly basis)

 Outage rates 2. Investigate the possible chances of using renewable energy sources in Kuwait 3. Discuss in details/ design a grid connected PV system in Kuwait

Page 6 of 11

III. ABET Learning Outcome

The aim of this project is to be able to: 1. Understand the function of the main components in a power system, and the basis of their

circuit models.[1]

2. Build a system representation from components’ circuit models and to apply solution

techniques to certain operational needs.[1,2,6]

3. Work within a team, gain new knowledge, draw conclusion and communicate results through

the offered course project. [3,5,7]

IV. Project Management & Deliverables

This project is divided into the following deliverables.

Deliverable 1: Project report (due date is end of week 9):

 Students of each class need to form project groups (group of 3), each group of

students will be assigned a theme/subject for the project. Students are requested

to choose/search for an idea related to the assigned theme.

 Students are required to prepare a technical report regarding the project which

includes a detailed description of the idea and motivation. The report should fully

describe Kuwait electrical network (project target 1)

 A scientific report must be written and submitted following the provided template.

The report should begin with a description of the over whole Kuwait network

including a detailed consideration of the generation, transmission and distribution

components of a power system

 The report should show all the used references

 Students should clarify the followed learning strategy in order to get an optimum

knowledge of their work

Deliverable 2: Research report (due date is end of week 14):

In addition to the content of deliverable 1:

 The research report should discuss all the possible renewable energy techniques

that could be implemented in Kuwait to produce electricity

 Full study about using grid connected solar energy as a kind of investment for

producing electricity in Kuwait individually

Page 7 of 11

 Your view as an electrical engineer for Electricity Production in Kuwait

Deliverable 3: Oral Presentation (due date is week 15):

 The presentation duration is 10 minutes that is followed by 5-10 minutes of a discussion

period. All presentations must be done using presentation software like MS PowerPoint.

An electronic copy of the presentation and report must be submitted through Moodle

(Turnitin) prior to the presentation due date. A rough structure of oral presentation is as

follows:

a. Introduction

b. Project Overview and Project Statement (Explanation of project goals and aims)

c. Steps and methods involved in the project

d. Representation of final product

e. Reflections of the project on students` learning

f. Conclusion and Future Remarks

g. References

V. Turnitin

Turnitin is a web-based solution that lets AUM faculty and AUM students check written work for

improper citation or misappropriated content. You may be assigned a username and a password

to be able to upload your assignments online, when and if requested. If you face any technical

problem, please contact IT at AUM.

VI. APA Style

AUM adopts the APA writing style for all its academic programs. AUM students need to use this

style for their assignments. The following web site is of value for students:

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/. Students are also encouraged to visit the

AUM Writing Lab to receive help and guidance on all APA-related questions.

VII. Academic Honesty and Integrity Assurance

One of the signs that the course material has been properly understood is honesty when

accomplishing the assignments. Lack of academic integrity (e.g. plagiarism, copying another

person’s work, the use of unauthorized aids on examinations, cheating, facilitating acts of

Page 8 of 11

academic dishonesty by others) will not be tolerated. Therefore, if students include ideas,

sentences, or other material that are not theirs in their work, they must properly quote the

source(s). Students are encouraged to consult with the instructor if they have any questions on

the issues of academic integrity or technical formatting of the references.

Upon suspicion and doubt of the authenticity of the work submitted, the Instructor has the right to

ask the student to verify her/his work. This can be done through, but not limited to, repeating the

work, oral examination or discussion, alternative or similar on spot class assignment, pop quiz, or

any other action deemed necessary. If the student fails to prove the authenticity of the work, then

the Instructor will apply the academic misconduct rules as mentioned in the AUM Student Handbook

which may include awarding the work a zero grade.

Students are expected and encouraged to be honest and to maintain the highest standards of

academic integrity in their academic work and assignments at the University. Any act of Academic

Dishonesty may result in severe consequences for violations range from zero grades given for the

assignments, failing the course, and suspension from the University. Students will refrain from any

academic dishonesty or misconduct including, but not limited to:

 Upon suspicion and doubt of the authenticity of the work submitted, the Instructor has the

right to ask the student to verify her/his work. This can be done through, but not limited

to, oral examination or discussion, or any other action deemed necessary. If the student

fails to prove the authenticity of the work, then the Instructor will apply the academic

misconduct rules as mentioned in the AUM Student Handbook

 A zero grade will be given to all students that share exactly the same results: You will also

be held responsible if someone else copies your work – unless you can demonstrate that

you have taken reasonable precautions against copying.

 Any violation of the AUM standards will be taken as a violation to AUM policy and can lead

to penalties. If you wonder whether a course of action violates this policy, simply ask in

advance and please refer to the undergraduate AUM Student Handbook.

For a detailed description of academic misconduct, please refer to the AUM Student Handbook.

VIII. Copyrights

Students are expected to adhere to copyright practices, refer to the undergraduate AUM Student

Handbook

Page 9 of 11

IX. Project and team-based work

The Project component of the course, if exist, is essential to passing this course. The project shows

competency in understanding and applying the course objectives and achieving the learning

outcomes. The project should allow the student to investigate, apply, research, and practice real-

life business situations. It is expected that each student to fully and actively participate in the

project as an effective team member. A project document will be distributed later in the semester

with details about the project.

For all group related work, the entire team is responsible for the team outcome and the

deliverables, except for the specific parts of the project that may be graded individually

depending on the project’s requirement and as communicated in the project document.

X. Marking Scheme

The project is worth 30% of the total grade of your course; each deliverable is worth 10%. The

grade will be based on every group’s work. The student will be evaluated based on the below

grading scheme:

Project Report (Deliverable 1):

Introduction

(20%)

Available

Solutions (10%)

Proposed Solution

(30%)

Conclusion

(10%)

References

(5%)

Formatting and

language used

(25%)  Problem

Definition (5%)

 Criteria and

Constraints (5%)

 Objectives (5%)

 Structure of the

Report (5%)

 Brainstorming

(5%)

 Advantages and

Inconvenient of

each solution (5%)

 Background and

Theory (10%)

 Analysis of existing

techniques (10%)

 Proposing

new/existing

techniques to be

implemented (10%)

 Summary of

the work

done. (5%)

 Future work.

(5%)

 Use IEEE or

APA references

 Grammatical and

sentence structural

mistakes (15%)

 Formatting: Cover

page, group

members’ names,

consistent fonts and

size throughout the

document (i.e. no

copy-pasting from

the net) (10%)

Page 10 of 11

Research Report (Deliverable 2):

 Design [70%]

a. Does the Study work or Not? (10%)

b. How does the Study look? [nice/catchy/basic design] (5%)

c. Results meet initial expectation? Are the outputs satisfactory? (15%)

d. Are the techniques suggested are adequate for such problems? (5%)

e. Is the proposed solution/idea the most optimized? (5%)

f. What is the impact of the material/components on the environment? (5%)

g. Explaining the engineering design process clearly based on the proposed design. (5%)

h. A detailed flowchart/block diagram describing the functionality of the system and the

process to go from inputs to outputs (Using MS-Visio). (5%)

i. Using real illustrations extracted from simulation (graphs, tables, trends, Pictures) and

proper organization using IEEE style or APA style (5%)

j. Explaining exactly the same components and elements used in the design (5%)

k. Clear and convincing explanation on implementation of the design (5%)

 Answering question correctly [30%].

a. Able to answer the questions related to the prototype and provide data to support

their answers. (Accurate & detailed explanation of answer) (15%)

b. Show deep understanding on the prototype/simulations etc., its main functionality,

the implementation, etc. (15%

Oral Presentation (Deliverable 3):

Knowledge

and Content

(15%)

Technical

methods (10%)

Results (figures,

graphs, etc.)

(10%)

Contribution

of work

(15%)

Knowledge of

subject (30%)

Presentation

Skills (20%)

 Material

sufficient for

clear

understanding

and

exceptionally

presented

 Sufficient for

understanding

and

exceptionally

presented

 All figures clear

with the same

format and

exceptionally

explained

 Significance

exceptionally

well explained

 Demonstrated

full knowledge;

answered all

questions with

elaboration

 Excellent

language skills,

gestures, etc.

Page 11 of 11

XI. Student Assessment Rubric

Deliverables Bare pass mark

(60%-69%)

C classification

(70%-79%)

B classification

(80%-87%)

A classification

(>87%)

Project report

Weighting 10%

 The report is sufficient and to the point. The maximum size of the report is met.

 The report includes only brief analysis.

 Brief conclusion and discussion.

 The writing of the report includes some mistakes.

 The report gives clear details on all of the components of application.

 The report includes some analysis.

 The conclusion /discussion on the application partially relevant.

 The writing of the report does not include mistakes.

 The report gives clear details on all of the components of application.

 The report includes detailed analysis.

 The conclusion/discussions on the application are relevant.

 The writing of the report does not include mistakes.

 The report gives clear details on all of the components of application.

 The report includes detailed analysis.

 The conclusion/discussions on the application are relevant.

 The report is well structured and it does not include mistakes.

Research Report

Weighting 10%

 The report is sufficient and to the point. The maximum size of the report is met.

 The report includes only brief analysis.

 Brief conclusion and discussion.

 The writing of the report includes some mistakes.

 The report gives clear details on all of the components of application.

 The report includes some analysis.

 The conclusion /discussion on the application partially relevant.

 The writing of the report does not include mistakes.

 The report gives clear details on all of the components of application.

 The report includes detailed analysis.

 The conclusion/discussions on the application are relevant.

 The writing of the report does not include mistakes.

 The report gives clear details on all of the components of application.

 The report includes detailed analysis.

 The conclusion/discussions on the application are relevant.

 The report is well structured and it does not include mistakes.

Oral presentation

Weighting 10%

 The presentation covered most of the topics in the final report.

 The team Spoke clearly and made only few mistakes.

 Only few questions are answered.

 The presentation covered all of the topics in the final report.

 Information is presented in logical order.

 Some questioned are answered.

 The presentation covered all of the topics in the final report.

 Information is presented in logical order.

 All of the questions are answered.

 The presentation covered all of the topics in the final report.

 Information is presented in logical order.

 The analysis are clearly discussed and the implemented method is

 All of the questions are answered.

 


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

fast coursework help

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

How It Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

 

smile and order essaysmile and order essayPLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH BEST CUSTOM WRITINGS TODAY AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT

order custom essay paper